Directors in Focus: Jean Rouch
Moi, Un Noir
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Moi, Un Noir
dir. Jean Rouch, France, 1958, digital, French with English subtitles, 70 min.
Winner of the prestigious Prix Louis Delluc in 1958, Moi, un noir marked Jean Rouch’s break with traditional ethnography and his embrace of the collaborative and improvisatory strategies he called “shared ethnography” and “ethnofiction.”
The film depicts an ordinary week in the lives of men and women from Niger who have migrated to Abidjan, Cote D’Ivoire for work. After a short introduction by Rouch, “Edward G. Robinson”—Omarou Ganda, who like the film’s other subject-collaborators plays himself under the name of a Western movie star—takes over the film’s narration, recreating dialogue and providing freewheeling commentary on his experiences.
Moi, un noir captures both the sorrows and the occasional joys of these migrants’ experience in all their psychological complexity.
dir. Jean Rouch, France, 1953, digital, French with English subtitles, 19 min.
On the coast of Ghana, in the shadows of the Portuguese slave forts, lies the Gulf of Guinea. This sea is home to the “surf boys”, teams of expert fisherman who paddle into the ocean in large canoes, sometimes staying at sea for one or even two nights. In Mammy Water, Jean Rouch depicts the surf boys of the coastal village of Shama, at the foot of the Pra River. Their success is governed by water spirits (‘Mammy Water’). When the catch is bad, villagers must honor the spirits with a ceremony if they wish to change their fortunes.
The film captures one such ceremony: The Festival of the King of Shama. The whole village takes part in a procession that concludes with a series of offerings to the sea. Afterwards, surf boys pile into their canoes and head back into the ocean. Will their luck be better?
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